The tropical rainforest biome, found north and south of the equator, has high rainfall, warm temperatures and poor soil. Plant populations co-evolve characteristics that are uniquely tailored to their environment. Other Plants Fun Facts Flowers pitcher plants and sundews survive by eating insects sundews follow Adaptations can include such traits as narrow leaves, waxy surfaces, sharp spines and specialized root systems. The sphagnum moss covers the pond water with a spongy surface. One animal – the sloth – combines expert cover with slow-motion movement to dodge predators such as the jaguar. Since this is not a concern in the high humidity of tropical rainforests, most trees have a thin, smooth bark. Although some different types of trees have adapted in order to discourage liana vines from taking hold, liana vines are a necessary part of the rainforest ecosystem and its health. mosses People have the false impression that mosses and liverworts harm roofs or tree branches. Stilt Roots - Grove of stilt rooted palm in the Amazon rainforest of Ecuador. Bigleaf maples in the rain forest are adorned with epiphytic mosses, ferns, and spike-mosses growing on their trunks and branches. While tropical forests often seem quiet on the ground, the forest canopy buzzes with life. Grassland animals have adapted to dry and windy climate conditions. It is eaten by migrating animals such as birds. Adaptation is a characteristic used within the field of biology to describe how plant and animal species make adjustments within their environment in order to survive. The vines can sometimes connect trees making it easier for animals to move from tree to tree. Liana vines also help rainforest animals that live in the canopy. Amazon rainforest trees support hundreds of species of vines and epiphytes such as orchids, bromeliads, and mosses. Moss can grow both on the trees and on the ground, but it can be also found on the rocks, under the water, on the clay…Even though mosses can adapt to various ecosystems, they are negatively affected by pollution and changes in environment that are result of increased human activity. In a mature rainforest, this is especially true. In fact, the Amazon rainforest alone contains around 10 percent of all known species on earth. Being invisible to a predator or to prey is an advantage in the tropical rain forest. In the arctic, moss covers the ground and warms it up allowing other plants to grow. Most of the sunlight has been absorbed by leaves above you and it is quite dark. Forests of the Amazon rainforest are also home to a remarkable array of pollination and seed dispersal mechanisms.