They are suitable for stuffing with fillings such as cheese, meat, or rice. The family comprises about 5 genera, of which 2—Piper (about 2,000 species) and Peperomia (about 1,600 species)—are the most important. Peppercorn close-up Before the 16th century, pepper was being grown in Java , Sunda , Sumatra , Madagascar , Malaysia, and everywhere in Southeast Asia. India is now the largest producer of chillies in the world. Archaeological evidence of people using pepper goes back to at least 2000 BC in India. So do bell peppers turn different shades of … Chile peppers are found in cuisines throughout the world. Pepper seeds were imported to Spain in 1493 and then spread through Europe and Asia. If not, what was the cuisine like before their introduction? ... None of your chilis are native to Asia.” ... of the capsicum genus, which is native to the Americas. Chinese cuisine is beloved not only by the Chinese, but also by people around the world. Woody and thick, lemongrass is not easily digestible, making it ideal for flavoring foods. Are there any chili peppers native to Asia? 22 Common Herbs and Spices in Asian Cuisine. Peppers were clearly one of the first crops grown by the Native Americans from Peru up to New Mexico. It is known that pepper was exported, but to what extent remains a mystery. Peppers are native to Asia and the Western Hemisphere and have been cultivated for thousands of years, but it wasn’t until Christopher Columbus brought the pepper back from his first voyage to America that Europe started enjoying this sometimes sweet, sometimes hot treat. Where are chili peppers from? They may be small, but these peppers still pack plenty of heat. In fact, there aren’t any mild chilies on our list. Nikolai Vavilov initially identified the centers of origin for eight crop plants, subdividing them further into twelve groups in 1935. Chile peppers are native to South and Central America. How could this spice, so essential to the Indian cuisine that I grew up enjoying, not be from India? Yes chillies are not native to India. They grow to their full length (about one inch) in about 80 days. To the extent that things like wasabe, horseradish, or black pepper sometimes feel like they light you up in a similar way, it’s not because of capsaicin. Few could have imagined the impact of Columbus' discovery of a spice so pungent that it rivaled the better known black pepper native to South Asia. From Wikipedia/Google: “Bell peppers are sometimes grouped with less pungent pepper varieties as "sweet peppers". Some type of foods were always common in every continent, such as many seafood and plants. Peppers were clearly one of the first crops grown by the Native Americans from Peru up to New Mexico.